germanium detectors worldwide

High Purity Germanium (HPGe) Radiation Detectors ...

"ORTEC provides a comprehensive suite of HPGe radiation detector solutions covering an extensive range of energies and for a variety of applications. Learn more about ORTEC's High Purity Germanium Radiation Detectors (HPGe) today.

Facts About Germanium | Live Science

Germanium's value was recognized during World War II, ... Germanium is commonly used in detectors in a variety of fields, according to a study published in Applied Physics Letters in 2016. The ...

Facts About Germanium | Live Science

Germanium's value was recognized during World War II, ... Germanium is commonly used in detectors in a variety of fields, according to a study published in Applied Physics Letters in …

Five things you need to know about using high-purity ...

The following are five things you need to know about the use of HPGe detector systems for homeland security applications in the field: ( 1 ) This is not your father's germanium detector . High purity germanium detectors (HPGe) are not just laboratory instruments anymore.

Germanium Gamma-Ray Imaging Detector

The Germanium (Ge) Gamma-Ray Imaging (GI) Detector Is a Portable, High-Resolution Instrument for Security and Science Applications Livermore's newest Ge-based radiation detector is ready to assist security personnel, first responders, scientists, and nonproliferation experts in locating and identifying nuclear materials.

Germanium - Wikipedia

Germanium did not become economically significant until after 1945 when its properties as an electronic semiconductor were recognized. During World War II, small amounts of germanium were used in some special electronic devices, mostly diodes. The first major use was the point-contact Schottky diodes for radar pulse detection during the War.

7 Uses of Germanium in Everyday Life - Characteristics ...

7 Uses of Germanium in Everyday Life - Characteristics - Properties in various industries such as the optical applications and semiconductor electronics. 7 Uses of Germanium in Everyday Life - Characteristics - Properties in various industries such as the optical applications and semiconductor electronics. ... Semiconductor detectors and X-ray ...

1941: Semiconductor diode rectifiers serve in WW II | The ...

Techniques for producing high purity germanium and silicon crystals are developed for wartime radar microwave detectors. Semiconductor technology took a giant leap forward during World War II, as radar receivers needed solid-state rectifiers to …

High Purity Germanium (HPGe) Detectors - CAEN SyS

To complete the gamma spectroscopy laboratory set CAEN SyS includes in its offer a wide choice of High Purity Germanium detectors (HPGe). Germanium detectors are semiconductor diodes having a p-i-n structure in which the intrinsic (I) region is sensitive to ionizing radiation, particularly X rays and gamma rays.

PREFACE: 2nd Workshop on Germanium Detectors and ...

Abstract. The 2nd workshop on Germanium (Ge) detectors and technology was held at the University of South Dakota on September 14-17th 2014, with more than 113 participants from 8 countries, 22 institutions, 15 national laboratories, and 8 companies.

Production rate measurement of Tritium and other ...

Germanium detectors Cosmogenic activation a b s t r a c t Future SuperCDMSsearches for low-mass dark matter particles with germanium detectors, as SNOLAB, are expected to be limited by backgrounds from radioactive isotopes activated by cosmogenic radiation inside the germanium. There are limited experimental data available to constrain production

Characterization of Mechanically Cooled High Purity ...

Characterization of Mechanically Cooled High Purity Germanium (HPGe) Detectors at Elevated Temperatures Joseph Benjamin McCabe University of Tennessee - Knoxville, [email protected] This Dissertation is brought to you for free and open access by the Graduate School at Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange. It has been

germanium | Properties, Uses, & Facts | Britannica

Germanium, a chemical element between silicon and tin in Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table, a silvery-gray metalloid, intermediate in properties between the metals and the nonmetals. It did not become economically significant until after 1945, when its properties …

LEGe™ Low Energy Germanium Detector

The conventional coaxial germanium detector is often referred to as Pure Ge, HPGe, Intrinsic Ge, or Hyperpure Ge. Regardless of the superlative used, the detector is basically a cylinder of germanium with an n-type contact on the outer surface, and a p-type contact on the surface of an axial well.

Introduction to photodetectors and ... - Laser Focus World

Photodetectors among the most ubiquitous types of technology in use today. They range from simple devices that automatically open supermarket doors, to receivers on TV and VCR remote controls, to photodiodes in a fiberoptic connection, to the CCD in a video camera, to enormous arrays used by astronomers to detect radiation from the other side of the universe.

v12.1-Characterization study of a broad-energy germanium ...

Characterization study of a broad-energy germanium detector at CJPL ZENG Zhi1 MI Yuhao1 ZENG Ming1 MA Hao1,* YUE Qian1 CHENG Jianping1 LI Junli1 QIU Rui1 ZHANG Hui1 1 Key Laboratory of Particle and Radiation Imaging (Ministry of Education) and Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China *Corresponding author, E …

List of neutrino experiments - Wikipedia

List of neutrino experiments. Jump to navigation Jump to search. This is a non-exhaustive list of neutrino experiments, neutrino detectors, and neutrino telescopes. Abbreviation Full name Sensitivity Type Induced reaction Type of reaction Detector Type of detector ... The GERmanium Detector …

The Shape of the Full Energy Gamma Peak in Germanium ...

The Shape of the Full-Energy Gamma Ray Peak in Germanium Detectors for Different Energies and Incident Geometries Ronald M. Keyser ORTEC 801 South Illinois Avenue Oak Ridge, TN 37831 Abstract The accurate analysis of gamma-ray spectra from germanium detectors requires that the peak shape

Germanium Wafer | What You Need to Know About ...

Nov 22, 2019· Examples of its applications are gamma-ray spectroscopy, terrestrial solar cells, sensors, infrared optics, and many other semiconductor applications. In this article, we will discuss to you what you need to know about germanium-based semiconductor detectors. Germanium Semiconductor

Germanium Detectors for the Far - Home | STScI

Germanium Detectors for the Far-Infrared . Erick T. Young Steward Observatory University of Arizona. Abstract. Germanium photoconductors have been used in a variety of infrared astronomical experiments, both airborne and space-based.

Clover™ Detectors Four Coaxial Germanium Detectors

Encapsulation drastically enhances the germanium detector reliability. This technology is key for many applications, particularly in space, and especially if associated with Ultra High Vacuum. Encapsulated germanium detectors may be easily handled by the users.

Germanium Diode History & 's Whisker Detectors | Simply ...

Jun 08, 2012· Another Pickard patent was the use of silicone as a detector, also patented in 1906. Following World War II the germanium diode was created, and began to replace the 's whisker detectors. The number of crystal radios being made were drastically reduced. Even today many people still collect 's whisker detectors for personal use.

IMPROVING GERMANIUM DETECTOR RESOLUTION AND …

State of the art large-volume germanium photon detectors comprise a volume of high purity germanium, an n+ hole blocking contact (lithium diffusion), a p+ electron blocking contact (boron implant) and an intercontact surface. The performance of an HPGe detector depends on the electrical characteristics of each of its constituent components.

Sandia National Laboratories: News Releases : World's ...

Aug 03, 2017· Using the world's smallest neutrino detector, the Sandia team was among a collaboration of 80 researchers from 19 institutions and four nations that discovered compelling evidence for a neutrino interaction process. The breakthrough paves the way for additional discoveries in neutrino behavior and the miniaturization of future neutrino detectors.

"A History of Germanium" by Emily Darby | Van Heuvelen Lab

"A History of Germanium" by Emily Darby "A new technique to diagnose heart disease: modern uses of rubidium" by Reina Buenconsejo "Co-lors and Co-talysis" by Izzy Lee "Improving Solar Cell Efficiency with Modified Gold Nanoparticles" by Mikaela Kosich "Lighting up the Ruthenium Fire Hose to Increase Drug Potency" by Eun Bin Go

(PDF) Improving Germanium Detector Resolution and Reliability

The goals of this research include improving germanium detector reliability and resolution performance by developing new surface passivation techniques coupled with a unique detector contact ...

germanium | Properties, Uses, & Facts | Britannica

Germanium, a chemical element between silicon and tin in Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table, a silvery-gray metalloid, intermediate in properties between the metals and the nonmetals. It did not become economically significant until after 1945, when its properties as a semiconductor in electronics were recognized.

High Purity Germanium Detectors - HPGe

This article is about ionizing radiation detectors. For information about semiconductor detectors in radio, see Detector (radio), Crystal detector, Semiconductor diodes, and Rectifier.. A semiconductor detector in ionizing radiation detection physics is a device that uses a semiconductor (usually silicon or germanium) to measure the effect of incident charged particles or photons.

Germanium Detectors - Mirion Technologies, Inc.

Because germanium has relatively low band gap, these detectors must be cooled in order to reduce the thermal generation of charge carriers (thus reverse leakage current) to an acceptable level. Otherwise, leakage current induced noise destroys the energy resolution of the detector.

Clover Detectors Four Coaxial Germanium Detectors Data …

of four n type germanium detectors like a 4-leaf clover. This configuration drastically improves the total system efficiency and compensates for the still limited relative efficiency of conventional n type crystals. Well over 200 Mirion CLOVER detectors are currently in operation worldwide. Although CLOVER detectors should be considered as

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